Understanding makeup application is only such a small part of being a makeup artist. As a makeup artist one of our main goals is to educate and ensure that our clients understand the importance of a great "base". Even the most skilled artist would not produce good work if their clients' skin was too dry, or oily or had too many blemishes. With this in mind, understanding your skin type and treating the issues before they arise or to combat them as an existing issue, is one of the most important things you can do to get that flawless makeup look.
There are 4 main types of skin, and each of us has one of these. They are Dry, Oily, Combination and Normal. Typically each skin type has specific traits, but sometimes people can be confused and start treating one skin type when they are the opposite. If your skin is dry, you will have small to no visible pores and your skin will feel tight all the time. Most likely you will also have patches of dry skin on the outer edges of your nose and around your mouth. This skin type can also be deceiving as some people with extremely dry skin will produce lots of oil to try to compensate for the lack of moisture, so people treat for oil and cause their skin to dry even more. If your skin has typical traits of dry skin (even if you are oily) ensure you moisturise lots and your skin will start to produce less and less oil.
Oily skin is very noticeable and can be somewhat embarrassing, but is a good skin type to have as you will age slower! Oily skin types have large, very noticeable pores, their skin is firm, and usually shiny or blemished. When skin over produces moisture though it causes less collagen loss, and a slower aging process, which makes people with oily skin, more often than not, look younger than their years, as long as they are taking good care of their skin. If your skin is oily, try using a gel cleanser rather than a cream, also make sure your moisturiser and masks are for oily skin so as to not cause more oil of the face.
Combination skin is more difficult to diagnose, but a bit easier to control in the long run. Usually people with combo skin only have oil on the T zone and have dry skin around the eyes, chin and mouth area. Pores can be enlarged on the nose, but non existent on the rest of the face. For Combo skin I would recommend an "oily" gel face cleanser with a "normal to dry" skin moisturiser. This allows your skin to have both sides of the spectrum.
Normal is the least common skin type, but is a good one to have. Small to no pores, smooth skin with a very small chance of blemishes. Normal skin is also a bit of a curse, as people more often than not, assume they don't need skin care with such perfect skin, and this causees them to age quicker. Using a cream cleanser, toner and moisturiser morning and night will keep your skin in tip top shape.
I always recommend my clients not only cleanse and moisturise with the specific product for their skin type morning and night, but I also recommend face masks (which are only lovely, but they help our skin detox and relax) once, if not twice a week..Using a vitamin C cream and serums with peptides in them are super beneficial to the health of your skin.
If you are unsure of your skin type, seek professional advice from your makeup artist or beauty therapist and remember to ALWAYS keep putting your best face forward!